Janice McBride’s monoprints are produced with oil based ink from copper or zink plates on to polyester drafting film, having been put through an etching press. The result is a unique surface quality which often resembles enamel. The drafting film has no ‘memory’ and can be rolled up and posted away in a mailing tube.
The beauty of the monoprint technique is in its spontaneity and it’s combining of printmaking, painting and drawing skills.
The history of monprinting goes back to Rembrandt’s time when some printmakers inked up their etching plates in different ways and changed every ‘pull’. William Blake, one of the most important artists to use the medium of the monoprint used egg tempera onto mill board. Paul Gauguin developed a method of inking a piece of paper and placing another over the top and drawing on the paper which produced an interesting linear print. Edgar Degas produced ‘printed drawings’ as they were called then and sometime worked over them in pastel.
Bonnard, Chargall, Miro, Dubuffet, Matisse, Picasso, are some the contemporary artists who produced monoprints
There are many and varied ways of producing monoprints or monotypes, basically it is an image painted onto a surface, which may be copper, zinc, glass, plastic or wood and then the transferring of that image to paper or board or whatever the artist chooses. The painted image, before printing, may be manipulated by wiping away the white areas and adding or drawing textures. Printers ink, oil paint, water colours, and acrylics, and even pastel can be used with dampened paper, lifting the image by hand or rolling it through a press the process can be as simple or as complicated as the artist requires.